Understanding propositions will remain indispensable knowledge to gain in the study of argumentation and debate, as well as logic. This topic about proposition helps speakers and thinkers determine whether the statements they are arguing are true or false. Using the Aristotelian logic helps logicians and ordinary people think and decide on things to make judgments of details and ideas. Of course, the task to unravel the definition and meaning of proposition requires skills since propositions of any type will demand specific attention, focus, and research. With enough research and understanding of the forms and structures of propositions, any person can logically recognize propositions and categorize them whether to affirm or deny the statements of fact, policy, or value.
Proposition of Fact
Logicians and language experts completely understand the concept of propositions of fact. As stated, propositions of fact are statements that will focus largely on philosophies and then principles of the listeners to declare the falsity and veracity of the statements. The arguments presented by the speakers can drive attract and hook the listeners to pay attention and validate the incorrectness and authenticity of the statements. With the propositions of fact, logicians and language experts can admit or discard the falsity or reliability of the statements. For example, logicians and language experts argue on the propositions of fact:
- COVID-19 pandemic disrupts both brick-and-mortar and online businesses.
- Business organizations suffer a lot from the upsetting COVID-19 pandemic.
Proposition of Policy
Logicians and language experts will always comprehend the forms and structures, as well as the aims of propositions of policy. This proposition of policy requires some people to act. As mentioned, propositions of policy call people to act on something – decisions and judgments. Propositions of policy, in other words, allow listeners to determine whether or they take action on something. Regardless of the desirability of the statements, listeners take action. For example, logicians and language experts may propose somewhat beneficial.
- Government leaders and healthcare providers should work together to resolve the depressing impact of COVID-19 pandemic.
- Policymakers and healthcare leaders should discover feasible plans to aid all citizens to have viable healthcare and medical services plus to have simulation packages due to social distancing policy and travel restrictions.
Proposition of Value
Logicians and language experts introduce the third category or type of a proposition. Propositions of value focus on the promise statements to deliver to listeners. These propositions allow the speakers to induce listeners to pay attention to the value of something. In other words, propositions of value aim at urging potential listeners why ideas, products, and services are of value. For instance, logicians and language experts propose the statement: Buying this e-Book is advantageous for readers.
Indeed, knowing the forms and structures of propositions, as well as their intentions, helps speakers accomplish their goals and objectives. Learning the types of propositions, as well, help speakers realize the importance of propositions whether to confirm or reject facts, act based on policies, or deliver the promises of the products and services. Finally, whatever speakers do, they will only accept or deny the propositions.